BROOKLYN on August 26, 1664


British ships sailed into Gravesend Bay in Brooklyn on Aug 26, 1664.  The British aimed their canons at Fort Amsterdam which was held by the Dutch who dwelled in Brooklyn since 1624. Between the Narrows and Coney Island, there was Gravesend Bay.  Brooklyn was known as Breuckelen, a Dutch word. Coney Island was Dutch too–the Dutch word for rabbit because rabbits roamed the wooded area. However, on August 26, 1664, the Dutch enclave would be no longer. The British had arrived in Breuckelen. Soon, Gov. Peter Stuyvesant’s New Amsterdam would become known as New York, a British stronghold.

There had been forty years of Dutch occupation in the New World called New Amsterdam.  Soon it would be called New York, a British stronghold. 



Children go to school and study the Battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 — a time when the British Army was trapped in Boston.  Then, almost a year later, the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, General Geroge Washington had artillery placed near Boston Massachusetts on Dorchester Heights on March 4, 1776.

William Howe was the British Commander and he knew that he could not hold the city with General George Washington’s army of artillery on Dorchester Heighs overlooking Boston Harbor.  The artillery was a threat to the British fleet at Boston Harbor and the British fleet was forced to abandon Boston.  The British headed North to Nova Scotia.  From this vantage point, the British ships later sailed along the East Coast towards New York.

General Washington took up headquarters in New York near Broadway.  His second in command was Cahrles Lee and he organized troops against the British.  Charles Lee set up barricades in to clear Long Island of British Loyalists.  He sent his troops around the city and established a Fort in Brooklyn Heights called Fort Stirling. 

Of course, 1776 is the year when America became independent of British rule.  And that is the rest of the story.  It all began in Brooklyn…….






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